Wednesday, August 20, 2014

Editor's Note:  When we send out articles, we do not mean to imply that we are endorsing those articles, but only that we believe it important for our community to know about the positions being articulated in the articles. Our positions can be found in the editorials found in Tikkun magazine!

My Plea to the People of Israel: Liberate Yourselves by Liberating Palestine

By Desmond Tutu | Aug. 14, 2014 | reprinted from Ha'aretz
Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu, in an exclusive article for Haaretz, calls for a global boycott of Israel and urges Israelis and Palestinians to look beyond their leaders for a sustainable solution to the crisis in the Holy Land.

A child next to a picture of Nelson Mandela at a pro-Palestinian rally in Cape Town. August 9, 2014 Photo by AP
The past weeks have witnessed unprecedented action by members of civil society across the world against the injustice of Israel’s disproportionately brutal response to the firing of missiles from Palestine. If you add together all the people who gathered over the past weekend to demand justice in Israel and Palestine – in Cape Town, Washington, D.C., New York, New Delhi, London, Dublin and Sydney, and all the other cities – this was arguably the largest active outcry by citizens around a single cause ever in the history of the world. 

A quarter of a century ago, I participated in some well-attended demonstrations against apartheid. I never imagined we’d see demonstrations of that size again, but last Saturday’s turnout in Cape Town was as big if not bigger. Participants included young and old, Muslims, Christians, Jews, Hindus, Buddhists, agnostics, atheists, blacks, whites, reds and greens ... as one would expect from a vibrant, tolerant, multicultural nation. I asked the crowd to chant with me: “We are opposed to the injustice of the illegal occupation of Palestine. We are opposed to the indiscriminate killing in Gaza. We are opposed to the indignity meted out to Palestinians at checkpoints and roadblocks. We are opposed to violence perpetrated by all parties. But we are not opposed to Jews.”

Earlier in the week, I called for the suspension of Israel from the International Union of Architects, which was meeting in South Africa. I appealed to Israeli sisters and brothers present at the conference to actively disassociate themselves and their profession from the design and construction of infrastructure related to perpetuating injustice, including the separation barrier, the security terminals and checkpoints, and the settlements built on occupied Palestinian land. “I implore you to take this message home: Please turn the tide against violence and hatred by joining the nonviolent movement for justice for all people of the region,” I said.

Over the past few weeks, more than 1.6 million people across the world have signed onto this movement by joining an Avaaz campaign calling on corporations profiting from the Israeli occupation and/or implicated in the abuse and repression of Palestinians to pull out. The campaign specifically targets Dutch pension fund ABP; Barclays Bank; security systems supplier G4S; French transport company Veolia; computer company Hewlett-Packard; and bulldozer supplier Caterpillar. Last month, 17 EU governments urged their citizens to avoid doing business in or investing in illegal Israeli settlements. We have also recently witnessed the withdrawal by Dutch pension fund PGGM of tens of millions of euros from Israeli banks; the divestment from G4S by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation; and the U.S. Presbyterian Church divested an estimated $21 million from HP, Motorola Solutions and Caterpillar.

It is a movement that is gathering pace. Violence begets violence and hatred, that only begets more violence and hatred. We South Africans know about violence and hatred. We understand the pain of being the polecat of the world; when it seems nobody understands or is even willing to listen to our perspective. It is where we come from. We also know the benefits that dialogue between our leaders eventually brought us; when organizations labeled “terrorist” were unbanned and their leaders, including Nelson Mandela, were released from imprisonment, banishment and exile. We know that when our leaders began to speak to each other, the rationale for the violence that had wracked our society dissipated and disappeared. Acts of terrorism perpetrated after the talks began – such as attacks on a church and a pub – were almost universally condemned, and the party held responsible snubbed at the ballot box.

The exhilaration that followed our voting together for the first time was not the preserve of black South Africans alone. The real triumph of our peaceful settlement was that all felt included. And later, when we unveiled a constitution so tolerant, compassionate and inclusive that it would make God proud, we all felt liberated. Of course, it helped that we had a cadre of extraordinary leaders. But what ultimately forced these leaders together around the negotiating table was the cocktail of persuasive, nonviolent tools that had been developed to isolate South Africa, economically, academically, culturally and psychologically. At a certain point – the tipping point – the then-government realized that the cost of attempting to preserve apartheid outweighed the benefits. The withdrawal of trade with South Africa by multinational corporations with a conscience in the 1980s was ultimately one of the key levers that brought the apartheid state – bloodlessly – to its knees. Those corporations understood that by contributing to South Africa’s economy, they were contributing to the retention of an unjust status quo. Those who continue to do business with Israel, who contribute to a sense of “normalcy” in Israeli society, are doing the people of Israel and Palestine a disservice. They are contributing to the perpetuation of a profoundly unjust status quo. Those who contribute to Israel’s temporary isolation are saying that Israelis and Palestinians are equally entitled to dignity and peace.

Ultimately, events in Gaza over the past month or so are going to test who believes in the worth of human beings. It is becoming more and more clear that politicians and diplomats are failing to come up with answers, and that responsibility for brokering a sustainable solution to the crisis in the Holy Land rests with civil society and the people of Israel and Palestine themselves. Besides the recent devastation of Gaza, decent human beings everywhere – including many in Israel – are profoundly disturbed by the daily violations of human dignity and freedom of movement Palestinians are subjected to at checkpoints and roadblocks. And Israel’s policies of illegal occupation and the construction of buffer-zone settlements on occupied land compound the difficulty of achieving an agreement settlement in the future that is acceptable for all.

The State of Israel is behaving as if there is no tomorrow. Its people will not live the peaceful and secure lives they crave – and are entitled to – as long as their leaders perpetuate conditions that sustain the conflict. I have condemned those in Palestine responsible for firing missiles and rockets at Israel. They are fanning the flames of hatred. I am opposed to all manifestations of violence. But we must be very clear that the people of Palestine have every right to struggle for their dignity and freedom. It is a struggle that has the support of many around the world. No human-made problems are intractable when humans put their heads together with the earnest desire to overcome them. No peace is impossible when people are determined to achieve it. Peace requires the people of Israel and Palestine to recognize the human being in themselves and each other; to understand their interdependence.

Missiles, bombs and crude invective are not part of the solution. There is no military solution. The solution is more likely to come from that nonviolent toolbox we developed in South Africa in the 1980s, to persuade the government of the necessity of altering its policies. The reason these tools – boycott, sanctions and divestment – ultimately proved effective was because they had a critical mass of support, both inside and outside the country. The kind of support we have witnessed across the world in recent weeks, in respect of Palestine.

My plea to the people of Israel is to see beyond the moment, to see beyond the anger at feeling perpetually under siege, to see a world in which Israel and Palestine can coexist – a world in which mutual dignity and respect reign. It requires a mind-set shift. A mind-set shift that recognizes that attempting to perpetuate the current status quo is to damn future generations to violence and insecurity. A mind-set shift that stops regarding legitimate criticism of a state’s policies as an attack on Judaism. A mind-set shift that begins at home and ripples out across communities and nations and regions – to the Diaspora scattered across the world we share. The only world we share.
People united in pursuit of a righteous cause are unstoppable. God does not interfere in the affairs of people, hoping we will grow and learn through resolving our difficulties and differences ourselves. But God is not asleep. The Jewish scriptures tell us that God is biased on the side of the weak, the dispossessed, the widow, the orphan, the alien who set slaves free on an exodus to a Promised Land. It was the prophet Amos who said we should let righteousness flow like a river.

Goodness prevails in the end. The pursuit of freedom for the people of Palestine from humiliation and persecution by the policies of Israel is a righteous cause. It is a cause that the people of Israel should support. Nelson Mandela famously said that South Africans would not feel free until Palestinians were free. He might have added that the liberation of Palestine will liberate Israel, too.

--Archbishop Desmond Tutu

Archbishop Desmond Tutu on Embracing Israel/Palestine:
Rabbi Michael Lerner's book Embracing Israel/Palestine is a must-read for those who care about peace in the Middle East. It is provocative, radical, persuasive, and if given the attention it deserves, could make a major contribution to reconciliation. Please read this book!
[Available on Kindle from and in paper from]


Some folks want President Obama to be all things to all people - an activist, a marcher, a poet and a race theorist - when his primary job, is to govern.

 - Joshua DuBois, a former adviser to Mr. Obama.


It's only a matter of time before another "R" word returns to our vocabulary. That word is "rage."
Any reading of early Baldwin will find this word often used. Black rage is something we might just not be ready for (again). But maybe it's the one word that explains how people feel these days when young black bodies are reduced to black stumps. Rage is not about unemployment or lack of educational opportunities. Rage is that anger without the borders and boundaries. It's fierce and violent. Think of the thunder and the storm; or black mothers weeping into coffins. Count the bullet holes in another black body and the total is rage. The word rage can also be linked to fashion. The sad state of affairs in our nation is that it has become "fashionable" to die young and black. Will Long Hot Summers become the rage again? Will this be followed by black berets? This morning my prayers were looking for answers.


Sunday, August 17, 2014


It's difficult to live in Washington, D.C. and not be reminded everyday of the Civil War.
This afternoon I walked a few blocks from my home to Ft. Stevens. This is the place where the South took a shot at Lincoln. Ft. Stevens is a reminder of how close the North came to losing the war. I walked back home trying not to be haunted by ancestral slave memories.

Photo by Ethelbert

Photo by Ethelbert


Photo by Ethelbert



I am China
by Xiaolu Guo

 Dearest Queen,
My name is Kublai Jian, but they usually call me Jian—it means strong and vigorous. I’m writing to you from a madhouse in Lincolnshire... You may think I am not sober, like the people in this madhouse. But I promise you that at this very moment, I am more sober and steady than anyone else here.


The PEN Ten with Harvey J. Kaye 

My lifelong hero is Thomas Paine, the American Revolutionary and radical-democratic pamphleteer. I would love to be identified with his words, such as "The sun never shined on a cause of greater worth" and "We have it in our power to begin the world over again."


Dakota Incident 
by John Ashbery

When she transferred in 1920, / that treasure of the wild, / Blanche Thompson who was there, / they followed, and just seemed as anything saucy.


What Can’t Be Sung

“Anything I can sing, I call a song. Anything I can’t sing, I call a poem.” – Bob Dylan
Do novelists, poets, and musicians explore culture in different ways? How do they tell stories of introspection? Do the processes of writing music and writing literature speak to each other? How do they map the past and present in our increasingly connected world?
On Tuesday, September 9th in New York, join us as the New Yorker's Sasha Frere-Jones moderates a conversation with literary sensation and filmmaker Xiaolu Guo, author of I am China (left).


Yesterday I went to see my son. He just moved into his new apartment.  He is entering another stage of his life, returning to school for a second degree. He is now enrolled at Delaware Valley College where he is also the men's assistant basketball coach.

Ethelbert and Nyere-Gibran. Photo by Denise King-Miller

Thursday, August 14, 2014


Jon Henley
August 7, 2014
The Guardian
Roger Cukierman, president of France's Crif, said French Jews were "anguished" about an anti-Jewish backlash that goes far beyond even strongly felt political and humanitarian opposition to the current fighting: "They are not screaming 'Death to the Israelis' on the streets of Paris," Cukierman said last month. "They are screaming 'Death to Jews'."

Mother of Miriam Monsonego, seven, at funeral of her daughter and three other victims of Toulouse school shooting. ,Photograph: Menahem Kahana/AFP/Getty Images,
In the space of just one week last month, according to Crif, the umbrella group for France's Jewish organisations, eight synagogues were attacked. One, in the Paris suburb of Sarcelles, was firebombed by a 400-strong mob. A kosher supermarket and pharmacy were smashed and looted; the crowd's chants and banners included "Death to Jews" and "Slit Jews' throats". That same weekend, in the Barbes neighbourhood of the capital, stone-throwing protesters burned Israeli flags: "Israhell", read one banner.

In Germany last month, molotov cocktails were lobbed into the Bergische synagogue in Wuppertal – previously destroyed on Kristallnacht – and a Berlin imam, Abu Bilal Ismail, called on Allah to "destroy the Zionist Jews … Count them and kill them, to the very last one." Bottles were thrown through the window of an antisemitism campaigner in Frankfurt; an elderly Jewish man was beaten up at a pro-Israel rally in Hamburg; an Orthodox Jewish teenager punched in the face in Berlin. In several cities, chants at pro-Palestinian protests compared Israel's actions to the Holocaust; other notable slogans included: "Jew, coward pig, come out and fight alone," and "Hamas, Hamas, Jews to the gas."

Across Europe, the conflict in Gaza is breathing new life into some very old, and very ugly, demons. This is not unusual; police and Jewish civil rights organisations have long observed a noticeable spike in antisemitic incidents each time the Israeli-Palestinian conflict flares. During the three weeks of Israel's Operation Cast Lead in late 2008 and early 2009, France recorded 66 antisemitic incidents, including attacks on Jewish-owned restaurants and synagogues and a sharp increase in anti-Jewish graffiti.But according to academics and Jewish leaders, this time it is different. More than simply a reaction to the conflict, they say, the threats, hate speech and violent attacks feel like the expression of a much deeper and more widespread antisemitism, fuelled by a wide range of factors, that has been growing now for more than a decade.

"These are the worst times since the Nazi era," Dieter Graumann, president of Germany's Central Council of Jews, told the Guardian. "On the streets, you hear things like 'the Jews should be gassed', 'the Jews should be burned' – we haven't had that in Germany for decades. Anyone saying those slogans isn't criticising Israeli politics, it's just pure hatred against Jews: nothing else. And it's not just a German phenomenon. It's an outbreak of hatred against Jews so intense that it's very clear indeed."

Roger Cukierman, president of France's Crif, said French Jews were "anguished" about an anti-Jewish backlash that goes far beyond even strongly felt political and humanitarian opposition to the current fighting: "They are not screaming 'Death to the Israelis' on the streets of Paris," Cukierman said last month. "They are screaming 'Death to Jews'." Crif's vice-president Yonathan Arfi said he "utterly rejected" the view that the latest increase in antisemitic incidents was down to events in Gaza. "They have laid bare something far more profound," he said.

Nor is it just Europe's Jewish leaders who are alarmed. Germany's chancellor, Angela Merkel, has called the recent incidents "an attack on freedom and tolerance and our democratic state". The French prime minister, Manuel Valls, has spoken of "intolerable" and clearly antisemitic acts: "To attack a Jew because he is a Jew is to attack France. To attack a synagogue and a kosher grocery store is quite simply antisemitism and racism".

France, whose 500,000-strong Jewish community is one of Europe's largest, and Germany, where the post-war exhortation of "Never Again" is part of the fabric of modern society, are not alone. In Austria last month, a pre-season friendly between Maccabi Haifa and German Bundesliga team SC Paderborn had to be rescheduled after the Israeli side's previous match was called off following an attempted assault on its players.

The Netherlands' main antisemitism watchdog, Cidi, had more than 70 calls from alarmed Jewish citizens in one week last month; the average is normally three to five. An Amsterdam rabbi, Binjamin Jacobs, had his front door stoned, and two Jewish women were attacked – one beaten, the other the victim of arson – after they hung Israeli flags from their balconies. In Belgium, a woman was reportedly turned away from a shop with the words: "We don't currently sell to Jews."

In Italy, the Jewish owners of dozens of shops and other businesses in Rome arrived to find swastikas and anti-Jewish slogans daubed on shutters and windows. One slogan read: "Every Palestinian is like a comrade. Same enemy. Same barricade"; another: "Jews, your end is near." Abd al-Barr al-Rawdhi, an imam from the north eastern town of San Donà di Piave, is to be deported after being video-recorded giving a sermon calling for the extermination of the Jews.

There has been no violence in Spain, but the country's small Jewish population of 35,000-40,000 fears the situation is so tense that "if it continues for too long, bad things will happen," the leader of Madrid's Jewish community, David Hatchwell, said. The community is planning action against El Mundo after the daily paper published a column by 83-year-old playwright Antonio Gala questioning Jews' ability to live peacefully with others: "It's not strange they have been so frequently expelled."

Studies suggest antisemitism may indeed be mounting. A 2012 survey by the EU's by the Fundamental Rights agency of some 6,000 Jews in eight European countries – between them, home to 90% of Europe's Jewish population – found 66% of respondents felt antisemitism in Europe was on the rise; 76% said antisemitism had increased in their country over the past five years. In the 12 months after the survey, nearly half said they worried about being verbally insulted or attacked in public because they were Jewish.
Jewish organisations that record antisemitic incidents say the trend is inexorable: France's Society for the Protection of the Jewish Community says annual totals of antisemitic acts in the 2000s are seven times higher than in the 1990s. French Jews are leaving for Israel in greater numbers, too, for reasons they say include antisemitism and the electoral success of the hard-right Front National. The Jewish Agency for Israel said 3,288 French Jews left for Israel in 2013, a 72% rise on the previous year. Between January and May this year, 2,254 left, against 580 in the same period last year.

In a study completed in February, America's Anti-Defamation League surveyed 332,000 Europeans using an index of 11 questions designed to reveal strength of anti-Jewish stereotypes. It found that 24% of Europeans – 37% in France, 27% in Germany, 20% in Italy – harboured some kind of anti-Jewish attitude.
So what is driving the phenomenon? Valls, the French prime minister, has acknowledged a "new", "normalised" antisemitism that he says blends "the Palestinian cause, jihadism, the devastation of Israel, and hatred of France and its values".
Mark Gardner of the Community Security Trust, a London-based charity that monitors antisemitism both in Britain and on the continent, also identifies a range of factors. Successive conflicts in the Middle East he said, have served up "a crush of trigger events" that has prevented tempers from cooling: the second intifada in 2000, the Israel-Lebanon war of 2006, and the three Israel–Hamas conflicts in 2009, 2012 and 2014 have "left no time for the situation to return to normal." In such a climate, he added, three brutal antisemitic murders in the past eight years – two in France, one in Belgium, and none coinciding with Israeli military action – have served "not to shock, but to encourage the antisemites", leaving them "seeking more blood and intimidation, not less".
In 2006, 23-year old Ilan Halimi was kidnapped, tortured and left for dead in Paris by a group calling itself the Barbarians Gang, who subsequently admitted targeting him "because he was a Jew, so his family would have money". Two years ago, in May 2012, Toulouse gunman Mohamed Merah shot dead seven people, including three children and a young rabbi outside their Jewish school. And in May this year Mehdi Nemmouche, a Frenchman of Algerian descent thought to have recently returned to France after a year in Syria fighting with radical Islamists, was charged with shooting four people at the Jewish museum in Brussels.
If the French establishment has harboured a deep vein of anti-Jewish sentiment since long before the Dreyfus affair, the influence of radical Islam, many Jewish community leaders say, is plainly a significant contributing factor in the country's present-day antisemitism. But so too, said Gardner, is a straightforward alienation that many young Muslims feel from society. "Often it's more to do with that than with Israel. Many would as soon burn down a police station as a synagogue. Jews are simply identified as part of the establishment."

While he stressed it would be wrong to lay all the blame at the feet of Muslims, Peter Ulrich, a research fellow at the centre for antisemitism research (ZfA) at Berlin's Technical University, agreed that some of the "antisemitic elements" Germany has seen at recent protests could be "a kind of rebellion of people who are themselves excluded on the basis of racist structures."
Arfi said that in France antisemitism had become "a portmanteau for a lot of angry people: radical Muslims, alienated youths from immigrant families, the far right, the far left". But he also blamed "a process of normalisation, whereby antisemitism is being made somehow acceptable". One culprit, Arfi said, is the controversial comedian Dieudonné: "He has legitimised it. He's made acceptable what was unacceptable."

A similar normalisation may be under way in Germany, according to a 2013 study by the Technical University of Berlin. In 14,000 hate-mail letters, emails and faxes sent over 10 years to the Israeli embassy in Berlin and the Central Council of Jews in Germany, Professor Monika Schwarz-Friesel found that 60% were written by educated, middle-class Germans, including professors, lawyers, priests and university and secondary school students. Most, too, were unafraid to give their names and addresses – something she felt few Germans would have done 20 or 30 years ago.
Almost every observer pointed to the unparalleled power of unfiltered social media to inflame and to mobilise. A stream of shocking images and Twitter hashtags, including #HitlerWasRight, amount, Arfi said, almost to indoctrination. "The logical conclusion, in fact, is radicalisation: on social media people self-select what they see, and what they see can be pure, unchecked propaganda. They may never be confronted with opinions that are not their own."

Additional reporting by Josie Le Blond in Berlin​, Kim Willsher in Paris, John Hooper in Rome and Ashifa Kassam in Madrid

• This article was amended on Friday 8 August to correct the name of the Madrid Jewish community leader David Hatchwell. This article was further amended to correct the numbers of Jews who left France for Israel in 2013.

Hello Ethelbert, 
You are invited to the following event:
Event to be held at the following time, date, and location:
Friday, August 22, 2014 at 3:00 PM (EDT)
The King Chapel, Morehouse College Campus
830 Westview Drive Southwest
Atlanta, GA 30314

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The Vincent Harding Legacy Fund, in cooperation with the Morehouse College Martin Luther King Jr. International Chapel, will host a Celebration of the Life and Work service in honor of the late Dr. Vincent Harding, a close friend and confidant of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.The program, which is free and open to the public, will feature musical and dance performances, as well as tributes from author Michelle Alexander, playwright Pearl Cleage, and civil rights icon Dr. C.T. Vivian.

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We hope you can make it!


Senator Cory Booker is right. If we want to tackle our biggest problems - a criminal justice system that robs future generations, underfunded schools, and a lack of jobs in our communities - we need to stand up as agents of activism. We can be as great as the civil rights pioneers who came before us.
This is the MUST WATCH speech of 2014. See for yourself (we promise you'll be nodding "yes" the whole time):

The PowerPAC+ Team - Steve, Aimee, Amy, Johanna and Julie


It's not a question of fathering. Too many people are successful and had no fathers in their lives. It's about being an adult and having a moral compass. One could blame many of our problems on bad schools. We could blame it on our diet. So many young black boys are sugar and drug babies. But wait let 's bring Baldwin back into the picture . It's not about us baby - it's about white people. Where are their daddies?? How were they raised? I refuse to think like a victim or have the media to always promote that image. How many black boys are alive this summer and doing wonderful things. I suggest you clear your mind of a few things. Let go of your Race Monkey.

Wednesday, August 13, 2014

Scholars Seeking Visiting Academic Positions
The support and partnership of the international academic community is critical to the work of IIE-SRF. We tailor our work with each host partner to arrange a fellowship term and visiting position that best suits both the scholar and the institution. Scholars listed below are currently seeking visiting academic positions at an institution.
See the full list of scholars seeking visiting academic appointments »
IIE-SRF Inaugural Summit
On October 24, 2014 at IIE’s New York headquarters, IIE-SRF will hold an inaugural summit, Protecting Threatened Scholars: Collective Action during Repression, Crisis, and Conflict.” The Summit will gather over 100 education and human rights leaders, including IIE-SRF host universities and scholars, to address the challenges and opportunities of the academic, human rights and philanthropic communities as we collectively respond to scholars suffering from censorship, harassment, violence, and other grave abuses.
October 2014
Learn More and Register

IIE and International University Presidents Conference
IIE and the Scholar Rescue Fund are proud to be endorsed by theInternational Association of University Presidents (IAUP), an association of university chief executives representing higher education institutions in over 90 countries. From June 11-14, 2014, 450 delegates from around the world attended the IAUP XVII Triennial Conference in Yokohama, Japan. In his keynote address, IAUP’s President Dr. Toyoshi Satow, Chancellor of J.F. Oberlin University, emphasized IAUP’s commitment to support IIE-SRF. In light of a joint UN/IAUP Commission on Disarmaments Education, Conflict Resolution and Peace, IIE-SRF Director Jim Miller presented on scholar rescue and moderated a plenary session titled, “Peace Education - The Changing Nature of War.”

From left to right: Najib Stipho, Salah Aziz, Elizabeth Davis-Russell, Jackie Jenkins-Scott, Joseph Isaac, and Jim Miller
More than 300institutions from 40countries have hosted IIE-SRF scholars

View a full list of IIE-SRF host partners »
Nominate a Scholar

Previous Issues of the BEACON:

July 15, 2014
 - Chairman’s Message, Syrian Academic Crisis, Emergency in Iraq, Sanctuary to Threatened Scholars, Top Ten Reasons to Host

July 29, 2014 - Interview with host partner at MSU, A Scholar’s Innovative Research, IIE-SRF & GCPEA, The Syrian Refugee Crisis & Higher Education, & more.
Donate to IIE's Scholar Rescue Fund
Host an IIE-SRF Scholar
A legacy of rescue. A beacon of hope.


More than 70 percent of all suicides in the United States are white men, most of them in their middle year, and many take their lives in the wake of some loss, whether professional, personal or physical.

Quote of the Day

From the move " To Have and Have Not" with Lauren Bacall (1946):

You know you don't have to act with me Steve. You don't have to say anything, and you don't have to do anything. Not a thing. Oh, maybe just whistle. You know how to whistle, don't you, Steve?  You just put your lips together and blow.